Chronology of the history
Start of Construction

According to the original plan, the Ural Turbine Works (UTW) was to be completed in 1932-1936 as a structural unit of the electric machine building plant. In 1930, the Supreme Council of National Economy (SCNE) has instructed the All-Union Electrical Engineering Association to conduct design and survey to determine the places to erect several enterprises of the electrical engineering industry. One of the key proposals was to build the Uralelectromash plant (UEMK) on the northern outskirts of Sverdlovsk. It was planned that the plant, would produce the entire range of electrical equipment - from turbines, generators, and transformers to cables, insulators, and wires by combining “five main plants and nine procuring and service plants based on maximum mechanization and differentiation of production processes.” It was decided to use the territory from Lake Shartash to the village of Medny Rudnik (from 1946 — Verkhnyaya Pyshma) to build the future industrial giant.

In June 1932, the Council of Labor and Defense under the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR approved the timeframes for construction of the UEMK. Machine building and hardware production were supposed to be commissioned by the end of 1934, turbine generators and transformers production facilities by 1936.

Due to the economic and political events in our country, a unified plant was never built, but it resulted in the establishment of two independent enterprises — Uralelectroapparat and the Ural Turbine Works. In 1937, the design of the turbine plant was approved, and on October 2, 1938 the Ural Turbine Works (UTW) was founded. Production of steam turbine motors for naval vessels at the stage of construction, which was the main focus of the UTW, was replaced by production of steam turbines for combined heat and power plants.

In May 1941, the UTW produced a 12 MW heating turbine. Production of the first turbine meant mastering the manufacturing cycle of the most powerful steam heating turbine at that time, determining the direction of the plant’s focus to produce heating turbines, opening up the opportunity to further approve their new technical and design solutions.
From January 1942 to August 1943, there have been fundamental changes in the structure of the plant due to the evacuation of the enterprises of Leningrad and Kharkov. The production facilities were divided and two independent plants- Motor Plant No. 76 of the Tank Industry People's Commissariat for tank engines production and the Ural Turbine Works of Heavy Industry People's Commissariat - were founded.
During the war years,, the UTW remained the only turbine works in the USSR to ensure the operation capacity of turbine plants and Navy ships, and country’s energy security , military products output rate, and military buildup of the country depended on its operation.
The main contribution of the UTW was the production of spare parts for operating turbines, as well as units and parts for reconstruction (completing) of evacuated enterprises. Thanks to this, a great deal of work was done in the rear to inspect, repair and install turbines, and to increase energy production.
By the end of the war, the plant had a completed production cycle from the procurement to the production shops. In fact, the UTW has become a plant.
During the Great Patriotic War, the UTW completed projects to produce the AT-25-2 marine turbines and steam turbines. The production of these turbines took place under severe conditions when there was shortage of blank and materials. At the same time, the turbines design was improved to increase efficiency, reliability, and reduce labor and metal consumption. Welded structure technologies, which reduced the production time, as well as eliminated the need for molded parts from cooperating organizations, were developed and introduced.
In 1951, the expert group of the plant was awarded the State prize for radical improvement of the high-power marine turbines serial production technology.
During the war years, the UTW produced 11 turbines with a total capacity of 176 MW, spare parts for 180 types of turbines, and equipped 32 turbines with a total capacity of about 700 MW. Thanks to the dedication of the builders and staff of the plant, technical training, and manufacturing process organization, the transition to batch production of steam turbines was made possible.
The Volumes Are Growing
During this period, the Special Design Bureau (SDB) was established, the plant switched over to the independent implementation of turbine projects and development of design solutions which became the prototypes for subsequent turbines designed by the UTW, production of heating turbines with new stages of unit capacity and initial parameters - equipment manufacturing for large TPPs which allows for a higher development rate of centralized heat supply to cities.
During this period, the following technical projects were implemented:
• 1950 - design of the 12 MW condensing turbines (AПТ-12-1, AT-12-2, and AK-12-1) for the Bryansk Machine-Building Plant.
• 1953 - project of a 6 MW (BP-6) steam topping turbine for medium pressure power plants toppings and, first of all, for metallurgical plants. This project was implemented independently by the UTW Design Office
• 1955 – Design of the 25 MW turbines (ВПТ-25). Turbines with a capacity of 6-25 MW field tests confirmed their efficiency and the right choice of turbine improvement.
• 1957 - development of turbine designs with a capacity of 50-100 MW with adjustable steam extraction for heating and production needs (ВТ-50-1, ВТ-100-1, and ВПТ-50-4).
• 1963 - the turbine with a capacity of 50MW at 3,600 rpm (T-50-130-6) to be delivered to North Korea was produced
    T-100 heating turbine - the flagship of Russian machine-building- became legendary. Immediately after the production of the first machines in 1961, their industrial production began which continues to this day. The group of the plant experts was awarded the Lenin Prize (1966) for the design development and serial production of the T-100 turbine. In 1967, the T-100 turbine was the first turbine in the USSR to be awarded the Quality Mark.
On January 22, 1971, the Ural Turbine Motor Works was awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labor for early execution of the five-year plan and development of modern heating turbines from 1959 to 1965.
Much was done for the plant workers during this period. Dozens of houses were built, a tramline to the new apartment complex was laid, the first plant’s Pioneer camp, kindergartens, nursery, sauna, and cinema were opened. The basic vocational school opened its doors. The territory of the plant (at that time the Turbine Motor Works) turned into a real blooming garden: tens of thousands of trees, bushes, many flowerbeds, swimming pools, fountains. (In 1953, the plant was even awarded the gold medal for green decoration from the All-Union Exhibition of Achievements of National Economy of the USSR.)